Things To Know About OCD& OCPD And OCPD Vs OCD

Things To Know About OCD&OCPD

The term  OCPD vs OCD might look absurd, but there are differences between these two terms. OCD and OCPD are completely two different forms of mental illness. Still, there is an overlap of some characteristics between these two. Here is everything you need to know about both OCD and OCPD.

What Is OCD?

OCD is known as an obsessive-compulsive disorder. A person having OCD has unwanted thoughts and a repetitive urge to do some actions. People having OCD knows deep inside that their thoughts and actions are illogical, but they cannot do anything about it.

The Symptoms Of OCD

Here are the symptoms of OCD.

  • One of the symptoms of OCD is a person has disturbing thoughts, and these thoughts occur in his mind repeatedly. Due to the continuous occurrence of these thoughts, the person might start to think these disturbing thoughts can be true. This can lead to stress, and the stress increases so much that the person has no other option than to do compulsive behavior.
  • The other symptom of OCD is Compulsions are the actions that help the person to release his stress. People with OCD believe that if they do the compulsive action, then the bad thoughts will not come true. These compulsive actions are like a ritual for people with OCD.

What Are Types Of OCD?

Here are the types of OCD.

  1. Obsession related to cleaning and contamination.
  2. Obsession related to symmetry and order.
  3. Collection of certain things and items even if they are not needed.
  4. The disturbing and harmful thoughts about some things.

Your symptoms don’t need to be related to one type of OCD. Most people have symptoms from one group. But some people can also have symptoms from 2 groups.

Causes Of OCD

According to researchers, OCD is caused when some parts of the brain cannot respond properly to serotonin, which nerve cells use to communicate with each other.

OCD is also caused by genetics. There are 25 percent chances that if a person has OCD, then his immediate family member will also have it.

But no exact reason behind this disorder is found.

Treatment Of OCD

OCD is completely treated with the help of both medication and therapy.

  • A mental health professional will give a talk therapy to help the person change his behavior and thoughts.
  • CBT or exposure and response therapy are proved to be a very effective therapy. In this, the person is exposed to a situation that gives him anxiety. He is asked to deal with his anxiety instead of doing compulsive actions.
  • The medications that are used to treat OCD are antidepressants. These will help the person to deal with the symptoms of OCD.
  • SSRI is another antidepressant that will help the person to control his compulsive actions.

To understand OCPD vs OCD properly, it is best to get some information about OCPD too.

What Is OCPD?

OCPD stands for obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. People have OCPD, like extreme neatness, order, and perfectionism. Such people think that their way of doing things is the only right way, and they try to force their standards on other people.

What Are The Symptoms Of OCPD?

Here are the symptoms of OCPD.

  • They want to do things so perfectly that it becomes impossible to complete the task.
  • Such person show rigit mannerisim.
  • They are highly thrifty.
  • They give extreme attention to every detail.
  • They are highly devoted to their work that they do not give time to their family and friends.
  • Collect the things that are useless, like old clothes.
  • Do not give their work to others as they think that it won’t be done properly.
  • Make a list of all the tasks that they have to do and follow it strictly.
  • Follow the rules strictly.
  • Stick to the moral and the ethical codes.
  • They do not express their feelings.

The Types Of OCPD

Here are the types of OCPD

  1. They have suspicious behavior. They do not trust anyone easily. Take little interest in a personal relationship. They misinterpret others’ behavior.
  2. The other group of people shows emotional and impulsive behavior. They feel abandoned and lonely despite having friends and family
  3. People in this group are anxious about different things. They do not make new relations. Need someone’s support every time. They need some rules to perform properly.

What Are The Causes Of OCPD?

Here are the causes of OCPD.

The exact cause of OCPD is still not known. But according to some researches, OCPD can be caused by genetics.

A person’s childhood can also be the reason behind this disorder. According to a study, when asked by adults, many said they wanted to be strict about different things from their childhood.

Treatment Of OCPD

Here are the treatments for OCPD.

  1. Cognitive-behavioral therapy to provide mental health counseling. In this, the mental health professional will help you to deal with your anxiety and stress. He will convince you to spend more time with your family and friends.
  2. Your doctor will more likely give you a serotonin reuptake inhibitor. This will help you to deal with the stress under different circumstances. With this medicine, you can also get help from different groups and CBT.
  3. People with OCPD are usually given relaxation therapy. In this therapy, different breathing and relaxation techniques are learned to deal with stress and anxiety.

Difference Between OCPD and OCD

Here is OCD vs OCPD.

  • OCD is the obsession of a person with some things that can lead to compulsive behavior. While OCPD is a personality trait that can deal with a person’s daily life.
  • A person having OCPD feels an extreme urge to do everything perfectly and control everything. While the person with OCD faces harmful thoughts only to the specific situation.
  • People with OCD feel that they need assistance. But people with OCPD think that they are right and there is nothing wrong with them.


It is clear now that there is a clear difference between the disorders mentioned above. If you notice any symptoms or signs in yourself and others, you should seek medical assistance or convince others.

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